What Are the Types of Electrical Installation?

Learn the Basics of Home Electrical Wiring - [Wiring Installation Guide]

You probably know the main types of electrical installations in your home. These include NM cable, Conduit wiring, and the Tree system. But what is the difference between them? First, let’s take a look at each one separately. Then, consider the different safety measures and considerations for each. Hopefully, you’ll have a clearer idea of what each type involves. If you’re not sure, read on for some helpful tips.

NM cable

NM cable is a type of insulated conductor cable, and its designation depends on the number of insulated wire conductors and the kind of sheathing. The two-wire variety has a black hot wire and a white neutral wire. Three-wire cable has a red hot wire and a white neutral wire. It is also called Romex, and some professional electricians use Romex for electrical installation.

NM cable is a type of building wire. It features a flexible plastic sheath, two to four wires, and a bare wire for grounding. There are unique varieties for outdoor and underground use, and most household circuits use two or three conductors and twelve-gauge wires. A typical NM cable specification is NM-B. Its use in electrical installation requires careful planning and understanding of electrical codes.

Conduit wiring

A type of electrical installation known as conduit involves routing wires and cables through a metal or plastic tube installed inside a building’s wall or ceiling. While the wiring itself is not harmful, it should be protected from damage from external factors. A conduit helps minimize the risk of electrocution and makes maintenance easier which is also suggested by electrical installation Hackett ar. Moreover, conduits can be made from plastic, steel, or clay.

One type of conduit is PVC-coated steel conduit, sold in ten-foot lengths. Its primary purpose is to provide a safe passageway for wiring without obscuring it. In addition, service ell bodies are used for additional wiring. These pipes usually have a removable cover to protect them from the elements. A conduit is generally a steel wire or cable.

Tree system of wiring

The “tree system of wiring” involves branch lines from the distribution board to different house parts. When this wiring scheme is in place, you will need to check two or more appliances because wires of different ratings often crowd together into the distribution box. In this type of wiring, it is difficult to separate the single main and localize faults. Therefore, this wiring system is not recommended for more significant buildings and should be avoided.

A tree system of wiring uses a central distribution board rather than individual circuits. Because all circuits originate from the main distribution board, a single blown fuse in any part of the building will disconnect all appliances that are connected to that circuit. It also offers scalability and fault-identification benefits over the ring system but is challenging to configure. However, most hardware and software vendors support this wiring system and allow you to install point-to-point wiring in a building.

Plastic-sheathed cable

Thermoplastic-sheathed cable is a type of cable with a tough outer PVC thermoplastic sheath covering the individual annealed copper conductors. It is most commonly used in residential and light commercial electrical installations. There are several different types of plastic-sheathed cable. Twin and earth versions are standard and have two insulated conductors encased in an outer sheath.

NM or non-metallic sheathed cables are often used in home wiring and are suitable for high-voltage applications. NM cables are also known as insulated cables, and the H label indicates that they can withstand temperatures up to 194 degrees Fahrenheit. NM cables are more flexible but not as flexible as PVC cables. Look for the H label to identify which type is right for your electrical installation project.

PVC conduit

One common way to attach plastic electrical conduits to fittings is with glue. The glue comes in a bottle with a cap and applicator sponge and provides air and watertight security. There are several different sizes of adhesive available, with small cans suitable for smaller conduits and large cans featuring larger applicator pads. PVC glue should not be mixed with a universal solvent type of cement.

While the standard 1/2″ size electrical box will accommodate one section of PVC conduit, a double-gang box is recommended for two or more areas. This is because the male connectors on the ends of the PVC conduit take up a lot of space inside the box. Deeper boxes are also better for accommodating GFCI receptacles.